In the Python language, lists are a type of object. This particular type of object is used to store a series of values in an indexed sequence.
A list is defined when using a sequence of values enclosed within square brackets,
>>> lista = [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21]
and to access its values it is sufficient to write the name (like all the other variables).
>>> lista [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21]
In case you want to access only one of the values of the list, for example the third one, you will write the name and the corresponding index which is 2 (and not 3 !!!! the indexes in Python start from 0).
>>> lista 2
It is possible to create an empty list and then fill it afterwards during the program execution.
>>> nuova_lista =  >>> nuova_lista 
A list can also contain values of different types, including other lists.
>>> misto = [1, 3.14, "Hello", [1,2,3]] >>> misto [1, 3.14, "Hello", [1,2,3]]
List of lists
In Python there are no multidimensional arrays (matrices) and therefore lists are used to represent them.
>>> matrice = [[1,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]]
In this case, to access an element of an internal list, two indices must be called, the first referred to the general list, the second referred to the internal list.
>>> matrice 6
A very common mistake is the request for an index beyond those defined. In this case we have an IndexError.
>>> a = [0,1,2,3] >>> a Traceback (most recent call last): File "<pyshell#15>", line 1, in <module> a IndexError: list index out of range
Strings as lists
Another curiosity is that so far we have used strings. Well these strings can be considered lists of characters
>>> a = "Hello World!" >>> a 'W'